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Share links: race or racism. This article was written by Timeshifter. See: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate. And: Influential black cannabis users. And: The U.S. Drug War. Republicans lead. And: Vote out most US Republicans and their cannabis war.

7 Oct 2020. Dumping Trump is the only way marijuana legalization will happen | Leafly. From the article:

rural sheriffs have become legalization’s most vocal opponents, for obvious reasons. ... The imagined “smell of marijuana” offers deputies a pretext to stop and search whomever they choose. And of course they mostly choose Black people ... Civil asset forfeiture laws give cops in rural outposts the power to seize the cash, vehicles, and assets of any citizen based solely on a drug charge. Not a conviction. All it takes is a charge. For these rural sheriffs, marijuana prohibition is a powerful tool of white supremacy

New York Times article and video on epic fail of drug war. Narrated by Jay Z (Shawn Carter). Sept. 15, 2016. [16][17][18][19].

23 Mar 2017: Let's Reform the Criminal (In)justice System | Ben & Jerry’s. The racism of the Criminal (In)justice System, and the drug war.

KKK's racist holy war.

See 2004 article source. And Wikipedia: Ron Reagan.

The majority of people incarcerated in prisons and jails in the USA are in due to drug-related offenses, crimes to get money for drugs, or drug-related parole or probation violations. Wikipedia: Drug-related crime. The number of inmates in the USA has increased almost 5 times over since 1980. It peaked in 2008. Obama's Democrat landslide in 2008 turned the incarceration rate around. But the USA still has the highest incarceration rate of any nation (b c). The cost of the U.S. drug war is at least 1.5 trillion dollars. Cannabis is safer! Share link.

Mass incarceration due to the drug war began in the 1980's due to Republican-led hysteria about marijuana, followed up by whipping up fear of black men and crack cocaine. See: The American Drug Panic of the 1980s. Chapter 12 of Moral Panics: The Social Construction of Deviance. See: Drug war, mandatory minimum sentencing, handguns, homicide rates.

See chart sources: [20] [21], with notes.

U.S. adult male incarceration rate is astronomical compared to the rest of the world. For both whites and blacks. But especially for blacks. Rates in the USA peaked in 2008, and declined slowly after that under Obama. Obama became President in January 2009.

Chart is from: U.S. Has World's Highest Incarceration Rate. 2012 article. Rates peaked in 2008.

New Republican governor of Kentucky removes voting rights of all felons for their entire lives. [96]. A RepubliKKKan dream. Dec. 23, 2015 article.

Jackie Robinson. From his 1972 autobiography.

Attorney General Jeff Sessions

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Attorney General Jeff Sessions Is a Drug War Dinosaur. [97]. And: More than 1,100 law school professors nationwide oppose Sessions’s nomination as attorney general. And: MSNBC Guest: Upcoming Attorney General Jeff Sessions Is a ‘KKK Sympathizer’. And: Sessions: KKK "was O.K. until I found out they smoked pot." [98]. And: Sessions Racism Accusations: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know. [99]. See: Race, ethnicity, and drug war. And: US News & World Report. Activists Roll Joint, Offer Free Pot at Jeff Sessions Office as Threats Swirl to Legalization Framework. [100]. Viral video.

Racism, interracial marriage, public opinion

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It is long past time to end Nixon's racist drug war, [101], and the "Southern Strategy".

Interracial Marriage Highest It's Ever Been in the U.S. May 19, 2017. Newsweek. From the article: "Attitudes toward mixed marriages have shifted even more drastically when considering American views on the matter back in 1990, when 63 percent of non-black adults said they would be completely or somewhat opposed to a family member marrying a black person. In 2015, only 14 percent of non-black adults surveyed said they wouldn’t agree with a relative marrying a black person."

Casualties of war. Incarceration by race

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Incarceration gap widens between whites and blacks. Pew Research Center. September 6, 2013.

John Trudell.

Drug arrest rates by race (per 100,000 population).

European alternatives to mass incarceration

Crime chart timeline.png

Return to top. See also: Alternatives to Republican-led mass incarceration.

Look at the decreasing crime rates in the G7 countries in the chart to the right. All of the those countries except for the USA have low incarceration rates.

Where have all the burglars gone? July 2013 article. See chart to the right. In contrast to Republican-led mass incarceration the article explains other methods that are lowering crime rates in countries with low incarceration rates. They also have few handguns. See also Wikipedia: Comparison of United States incarceration rate with other countries.

Past month illicit drug use by race or ethnicity

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Chart below. Past month illicit drug use. Age 12 or older, by race or ethnicity 2002-2010. Results from the 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of National Findings. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality.

Past month illicit drug use. Age 12 or older, by race or ethnicity 2002-2010.gif

Over 100 years of drug war

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See: Cost of U.S. drug war.

2015. 70th anniversary: Victory over fascism in WW2. 35th year: Reagan's cannabis war. Today, Republicans often block cannabis legislation state by state (except low-THC bills). U.S. federal narcotic law enforcement began in 1915. 1915 was also the year of Billie Holiday's birth. 2. The movie, "The Birth of a Nation," came out in 1915. Originally called The Clansman. First blockbuster movie. Roots of hate radio, Fox News, Nixon's racist Southern Strategy, and racist drug war.

Drug laws impact on whites, latinos, blacks.jpg

Chart is for December 31, 2012. Data comes from: Prisoners in 2013. From Table 14 of the PDF. By Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Richard Nixon

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America's mass incarceration.jpg
Nixon Aide Admitted Drug War Was Meant To Target Black People and Hippies. Intense racial targeting associated with the drug war wasn’t an unintended side effect — it was the whole point. And GOP mass incarceration helps in enforcing income inequality.

Republican wars on brown people

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The "War on Drugs". Why is everything a "war" or a "crusade" to Republicans? The war on drugs is a war on people.

George Carlin: Youtube: George Carlin: "We Like War!" 1992. "Especially if your country's full of brown people." (1 min 20 sec in. Direct link there). Bush's "crusade".

Bush Crusade.jpg

Black Lives Matter

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Black Lives Matter.

Drug war failure.jpg

All We Want Is Justice: Fighting for Eric Garner [105]. By Erica Garner and Reggie Harris. Dec. 3, 2015. Huffington Post. NYPD cop who killed Eric (I can't breathe) Garner with a banned chokehold is still on the payroll.

Cory Booker & Quentin Tarantino on Drug War

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Incarceration rates by race, age, and ethnicity

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2009 numbers in first 2 charts below. See charts source for more info.

  • USA 2009. Percent of adult males incarcerated by race and ethnicity.png
  • USA 2009. Adult male incarceration rates per 100,000 population by race and ethnicity.png

Incarceration rates in the USA peaked in 2008.

2008 chart below is from page 8 of the PDF for a September 2010 report by The Pew Charitable Trusts: Collateral Costs. Incarceration's Effect on Economic Mobility. Numbers are for 2008. Incarceration by group.gif

Chart below has numbers for 2010, and is from:

"On any given day in 2010, almost one in ten black men ages 20-39 were institutionalized". [107]. "Institutionalized" means incarcerated for the most part nowadays: "Few persons under age 50 are in nursing homes, and the populations housed in mental hospitals have declined greatly over the past three decades." [108]. See: US timeline of imprisonment and mental hospital rates. "By 2010, nearly a third of black, male high school dropouts aged 25-29 were imprisoned or otherwise institutionalized." [109].
US timeline of incarceration rates by age, race, and education.jpg

More 2010 numbers in chart below. It is adapted fron this article: Chart: Black America's incarceration rate is almost 37 times as high as Canada's. By Dylan Matthews on October 16, 2014. Vox Xpress.

Incarceration rates worldwide plus black Americans.png
The 2010 rates in the above chart are per 100,000 of all ages. Except for black American men which is per 100,000 adults in 2010. More variations of the chart, and more sourcing info:

Chart below is US timeline of adult male incarceration rates by race and ethnicity. From this article: Our penal system - Why Nations Fail. By Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson.

US timeline of adult male incarceration rates by race and ethnicity.jpg


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Donald Andrews, Jr., owns a smoke shop in Scotia, New York.

The new Jim Crow

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"At the bus station in Durham, North Carolina." Jim Crow in May 1940. Jack Delano, photographer. Image info.

Map of U.S. incarceration rates by state

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Adult rates of incarceration on December 31, 2013.

US Adult Incarceration Rate by State.svg

See Wikipedia article.

Adult incarceration on December 31, 2013
Jurisdiction Adults in
prison or jail
Incarceration rate
per 100,000 adults
State 2,012,400 830
Federal 215,100 90
U.S. total 2,227,500 910

Louisiana has the highest incarceration rate in the above map. It is the highest rate in the world.

  • Louisiana's Republican Governor Bobby Jindal Denies Clemency to Non-Violent Pot Offenders. By Mike Adams, June 22, 2015. "Without a doubt, Louisiana is a veritable concentration camp for marijuana offenders, currently housing more prisoners for petty pot-related crimes than any other state in the nation—with some of these people forced to spend as much as 20 years in prison due to the state’s three-strike rule." See also:
  • Petition · Grant Clemency to Bernard Noble, 13 years for 2 joints · Change.org. Louisiana's Republican governor needs to be voted out of office for denying this man's clemency. "Due to two, decades-old prior drug convictions, he was charged under the state’s habitual offender law and faced a mandatory sentence of thirteen and one-third years. ... A father of seven children and he works hard to support them. His youngest child suffers from autism, and another of his young children suffers from rheumatoid arthritis for which there is no cure. To support them he started two businesses, a janitorial service and a restaurant."

How Billy Holiday was hunted down

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See: Billie Holiday

"To Anslinger, this [jazz] was musical anarchy, and evidence of a recurrence of the primitive impulses that lurk in black people, waiting to emerge. 'It sounded,' his internal memos said, 'like the jungles in the dead of night.' Another memo warned that 'unbelievably ancient indecent rites of the East Indies are resurrected' in this black man’s music.' ... 'Please prepare all cases in your jurisdiction involving musicians in violation of the marijuana laws. We will have a great national round-up arrest of all such persons on a single day.' ... But when Harry came for them, the jazz world would have one weapon that saved them: its absolute solidarity."
YouTube link [114]. Billie Holiday singing Strange Fruit. See lyrics in the Youtube description, or here.

William Randolph Hearst and Harry Anslinger

Pancho Villa

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"The early black jazz musicians of the 1920s and 1930s blended their love of marijuana with sexuality. This music broke through the color barrier, and was enjoyed by both white and black audiences. Marijuana was the driving force for jazz, and it was the fear of the mixing of these races that drove the white elite. ... And who was the 1937 black star who was the model for stealing white women by using the reefer music that Hearst and Anslinger feared? Cab Calloway -- that funny, funny Reefer Man! ... The large number of songs glorifying marijuana use in the decade leading up to cannabis prohibition shows what a large part marijuana played in black culture and music. ... Hearst's hatred of Mexicans and his hyping of the 'Mexican threat' to America likely was rooted in the 800,000 acres of timberland that had been confiscated from him by Pancho Villa during the Mexican Revolution. The Hearst papers carried paid-for columns by both Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini, rationalizing his relationship with the two men as one of 'helping to fight Communism.' However, during a continental tour Hearst actually attended the Nuremberg rally of 1934. He later completed a newsreel deal with Hitler during the trip!"

NAACP billboard and ACLU lawsuit.

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"Welcome to America, home to 5% of the world's people & 25% of the world's prisoners." NAACP, ACLU File Lawsuit Against City of Philadelphia for Rejecting Criminal Justice Reform Ad. Article by NAACP. Lawsuit filed October 19, 2011 during the period of the Occupy movement. Also see the ad banner article by Courthouse News Service. The drug war and prisons are big business, and a big part of how the 1% controls the 99%. See Facebook comments about the banner. The Republican Party leads the racist drug war.

Incarceration peaked in the USA in 2008. <<--See that article for sources, stats, and charts for the banner. Most inmates are incarcerated due to the drug war.

Image info. See billboard and stats.

Astronomical U.S. incarceration increase

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USA and territories. 2,424,279 inmates in 2008. ...
In 2008 with less than 5% of world population the USA had 2.4 million of 9.8 million world prisoners (b). See latest numbers and World Prison Population List. The majority of inmates in the USA are in due to the drug war. The number of inmates in the USA has increased almost 5 times over since 1980. It peaked in 2008.
Total US inmates 2007-8.gif

Incarceration nation

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Number incarcerated in the USA peaked in 2008.

US incarceration timeline.gif

November Coalition graph. Some Congressmen and police who prosecuted the War on Drugs now believe it caused a large increase in the United States incarceration rate. See Law Enforcement Against Prohibition, and larger chart with sources. See template. Incarceration peaked in 2008.

USA: Peak of 7.3 million people in 2007 under adult correctional supervision: On probation or parole, or incarcerated in jail or prison. About 3.2% of the U.S. adult population, or 1 in every 31 adults. More info here. See template.

Minorities under control of US corrections

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The number of people incarcerated in the USA peaked in 2008. The number of people in the correctional system as a whole (jail, prison, probation, parole) peaked in 2007.

Charts below are adapted from Race and Prison. DrugWarFacts.org

U.S. corrections system. Jail, prison, probation, parole
1990 2000 2007 2008 2009
TOTAL persons in system 4,346,941 6,423,708 7,326,734 7,319,419 7,234,209
Blacks and Hispanics in system 2,351,516 3,309,566 3,622,726 3,607,341 3,611,911
: Blacks and Hispanics % of TOTAL 54.1% 51.5% 49.4% 49.3% 49.9%
Blacks in system 1,614,195 2,347,066 2,446,834 2,453,170 2,472,920
: Blacks % of TOTAL 37.1% 36.5% 33.4% 33.5% 34.2%
Hispanic/Latinos in system 737,321 962,500 1,175,892 1,154,171 1,138,991
: Hispanics/Latinos % of TOTAL 17.0% 15.0% 16.0% 15.8% 15.7%

Percent of inmates that are Black or Hispanic. Prisons and jails
1990 2000 2007 2008 2009
Percent 60.0% 63.4% 60.3% 60.4% 60.5%

About the above chart:
  • Blacks and Hispanics Under Control of the US Correctional System: In 2009, there were around 3.6 million blacks and Hispanics/Latinos who were on probation or parole, or housed in federal and state prisons, or in local jails. Between 1990 and 2009 blacks and Hispanics consistently represented around 50% of those under control of the system, even though they collectively comprise only 30% of the U.S. population (blacks around 12.6% and Hispanics/Latinos 16.3%).
  • Blacks and Hispanics Incarcerated in Prisons and Jails: Numbering around 1.3 million, blacks and Hispanics/Latinos made up around 60% of those housed in America's prisons and jails in 2009.

Table below is from here:

US adult correctional population timeline.gif

Collateral Costs. Pew Trusts

Children with incarcerated parents

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"One in 9 African American children (11.4 percent), 1 in 28 Hispanic children (3.5 percent) and 1 in 57 white children (1.8 percent) have an incarcerated parent."

US timeline of children with incarcerated parents.gif
Above chart is from page 19 of the PDF for a September 2010 report by The Pew Charitable Trusts: Collateral Costs. Incarceration's Effect on Economic Mobility.

Charts below are from page 8 of the same PDF. The numbers are for 2008.

Percent of children with incarcerated parents.gif

Incarceration by group.gif

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